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    Assessment 2: Research Essay 30 marks

    Length 3,000 words

    Please note that this question requires substantial research (see the assessment criteria below).

    (a)  Critically compare and contrast the characteristics of four market structures (ie. monopoly, oligopoly, perfect competition or monopolistic competition) regarding the allocation of resources. Provide a real life example of each market structure. (16 marks)

    In answering this question you need to

    Discuss the key features of each market structure such as number of sellers, type of product, entry conditions.

    Using diagrams, explain short run and long run profits and losses in four market structures.

    Compare the allocation of resources in monopoly, oligopoly and monopolistic competition market structures with perfectly competitive market structure.

    (b) Explain what negative externalities are, and why there may be a case for government intervention to address them. Choose one example from your country to analyse how your government has addressed the presence of negative externalities in the market.  Explain using diagrams whether monopoly is socially preferred market structure to the perfectly competitive market in the presence of negative externality. (10 marks)

    In answering this question you need to

    Provide a brief description of negative externalities. Use diagrams to illustrate your discussion.

    Provide data for the case study from your home country.

    Using economic theory and real data from your case study analyse government solution to the problem of externality.

    Explain the effect of externality on monopoly and perfectly competitive market outcomes (i.e. price and quantity) including dead-weight loss. Illustrate your analysis on the diagram(s).

    Additional marks                                                       (4 marks)

    Overall presentation of work, especially use of graphs, clear written expression.   2 mark

    Appropriate use of referencing.   2 marks

    Assessment criteria

    You must refer to the textbook in the first instance. Besides the textbook, you should also refer to a few other academic books, journal articles and relevant websites in answering these questions.

    Use in-text referencing and provide a list of references.

    All submissions for this course must use the American Psychological Association (APA) referencing style (details can be obtained here).

    Concepts must be defined accurately and completely.

    The assumptions upon which the analysis is based must be stated at the onset.

    Diagrams must be drawn properly, correctly labelled and the relations they depict explained.

    Photocopied and scanned graphs from books, articles or websites are not acceptable.  It is preferable to hand-draw a graph then scan it to insert in your file.

    Answers must be complete, addressing the specific tasks nominated in the questions.

    Remember an extension is not a gift, it is a burden.

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