Subject: Social, Behavioural and Cultural Factors in Public Health
Assessment 1: Report – Social Determinants of Health
Tobacco consumption in any form, lack of physical activity, a diet high in fats and sugars, hypertension, obesity and diabetes are well-known behavioural risk factors for heart disease.
Populations with lower socioeconomic status are more likely to have increased behavioural risk factors for heart disease, including smoking and lack of physical activity (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2010). Although behavioural risk factors might be evident causes of diseases, public health professionals also consider social and environmental factors that contribute to the social gradient of health.
Choose a population group in Australia (e.g. men/women, low socioeconomic status, rural/remote, people with disabilities/mental illness). In 1500 words, address the following:
Describe the burden of heart disease within your chosen population. Please describe the burden of disease in terms of any two of the following: incidence, prevalence, mortality, morbidity, survival or quality of life.
Discuss how the social determinants of health can explain the burden of heart disease within your chosen population.
Propose a public health intervention to prevent heart disease in your chosen population that addresses at least one social determinant of health (e.g. working conditions/ unemployment, social support, transport, housing conditions, education, access to healthcare).
Explain what other sectors/s could be involved aside from the health sector (e.g education, local government, transport, housing) in your public health intervention.
Please note that you need to cite at least 10-12 scholarly sources of literature in your assessment. Scholarly sources of literature include peer-reviewed journal articles, edited conference paper collections and book chapters. Ensure your report is written in a clear manner, including spelling, grammar, structure, tone, and accurate referencing in accordance with the latest APA guidelines (APA 6th).
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